English title dissertation Exploring self-management and adherence in haemophilia
Name PhD (surname first) Schrijvers, Liesbeth Helene
Doctor is (has been) nurse
Date of promotion 30/09/2015
University Universiteit Utrecht
Promotores Prof. M.J. Schuurmans
Linkedin-account linkedin.com
Researchgate-url researchgate.net
Abstract (English)

Throughout life, a patient with severe haemophilia is confronted with many treatment-related challenges. Insight into self-management and non-adherence could improve the quality of care for these patients. The aim of this thesis was to provide an overview of a series of studies on self-management and adherence to prophylaxis in haemophilia. Based on series of studies, aspects of treatment were explored: learning and performing self-infusion, achieving self-management skills in adolescence, adherence issues and coping with haemophilia. Evidence based and age-group specific recommendations for haemophilia professionals were formulated.

Nearly all severe haemophilia patients and parents were able to perform self-infusion and the quality level of infusion skills was acceptable. Learning self-infusion was generally initiated before the onset of puberty and full self-management was obtained ten years later. Adherence was defined using a Delphi consensus procedure and was determined by skipping, dosing and timing of infusions. Adherence levels varied according to age, with highest levels in children (1-12 years) and the lowest among 25-40 years. Adherence to prophylaxis was acceptable (43%), yet 57% of the population struggled with prophylaxis. Qualitative research showed that the position of prophylaxis in life is the main driver of adherence. This position is influenced by acceptance and self-management skills. Regarding coping with haemophilia, the majority of patients used a problem-focused approach.
In conclusion, self-management and adherence to prophylaxis vary during the life span. Acceptance of the disease and self-management skills were important aspects that may require tailored professional support.

Download dissertation (English) Proefschrift-Schrijvers.pdf